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How to care for and clean upholstery fabrics

Posted by Pacific Home Furnishing on 1/21/2011 to Furniture Care and Cleaning
Fabrics can be made with either natural, man-made, or a combination of fibers. Because of the great variations in types of fabrics, special cleaning codes are used. To help insure your fabric last as long as possible, keep the fabric away from direct sunlight, heat sources, and be careful not to pull on or puncture the fabric. Vacuuming or light brushing weekly will help remove soil and protect fabric from the embedding of dirt or grime between fibers.

The Furniture Industry Cleanability Code was adopted in 1969. The code gives consumers information about proper cleaning methods for specific fabrics. There are four letters to the code: W, S, W-S, X. The following is the fabric cleaning code for proper care of that fabric.

W - Vacuum or light brushing to remove dust and grime. Spot clean using the foam only from a water-based cleaning agent such as a mild detergent or non-solvent upholstery shampoo. Apply foam in a circular motion with a soft brush. Vacuum when spot is dry. Always pretest a small area before applying any product to the spot. Use a professional cleaning service to clean the entire furniture or large spots.

S - Vacuum or light brushing to remove dust and grime. Spot clean using a mild water-free solvent or dry cleaning product containing carbon tetrachloride. Use these products in a well ventilated room as they are highly toxic. Always pretest a small area before applying any product to the spot. Use a professional cleaning service to clean the entire furniture or large spots.

W-S - Vacuum or light brushing to remove dust and grime. Spot clean using a mild solvent, upholstery shampoo, or foam from a mild detergent. When using a solvent or dry cleaning product, follow instructions carefully and be in a well ventilated room. Avoid any product with carbon tetrachloride which is highly toxic. Always pretest a small area before applying any product to the spot. Use a professional cleaning service to clean the entire furniture or large spots.

X - Only vacuum or light brushing to remove dust and grime. Shrinking, staining, or distortion of the surface pile could take place when using water-based foam cleaner or solvent based cleaning agent.